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RESEARCH, DIALOGUE AND DEVELOPMENT THROUGHOUT AFGHANISTAN

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Sustainable Livelihood and Social Development Programme (SLSD)

Executive Summary: The provinces of Paktia and Khost are situated in a mountainous region, in the southeast of the country bordering Kurram and North Waziristan tribal agencies of Pakistan. More than 75% of communities’ income is based on agriculture and forestry derived products. In addition remittances from labour migrants in the Gulf Arab countries make up another major portion of the families’ income. Local communities in Paktia and Khost provinces are facing major problems such as migration of families from rural areas to provincial urban centres due to lack of services and low income opportunities, unemployment, lack of access to proper irrigation and clean drinking water, failure in natural resource management, increasing deforestation, and natural hazards also contribute in to making rural communities more vulnerable. Furthermore the provinces of Khost and Paktia have been strongly affected by Pakistani military operations in North Waziristan which displaced families into the provinces border districts as well as an increase in the number of insurgent groups (local and foreign) in terms of operations and presence. This has led to an increase in pressure on local communities in terms of security and access to limited resources as well as hike in prices of food items. As part of SLSD Programme Phase 2 interventions strategy consultation meetings with targeted districts authorities, DDA members, tribal elders and line departments’ representative will be organized at district and provincial levels to identify community priority needs and plan interventions accordingly to reduce poverty and vulnerability of targeted community. The SLSD Programme will continue to work in six targeted districts of Phase 1 and expand geographically to an additional eight districts: Spera, Shamal (DwaManda), Nadir Shah Kot, Mandozayi and the provincial centre (Lakan, Matoon, Shamal) of Khost province, Tsamkani, Ahmad Khail, Ahmad Aba, Shawak, and Gardez centre of Paktia province. Instead of the initially planned geographic expansion to 25 districts in Paktia, Khost and Paktika provinces, the total amount of target districts will be fourteen limited to the provinces of Paktia and Khost. Focusing on comprehensive thematic and quality interventions, the SLSD Programme Phase 2 expansion to eight additional districts plus the provincial centres of Paktia and Khost has been planned. This strategy is proposed instead of the initial plan of 25 district in 3 provinces due to several factors which are mainly linked to slow community consultation process based on a Do No Harm approach, outreach and regular access to communities in some district of Paktia, and Khost and most districts of Paktika. Also to have a more focus on quality rather only o geographical expansion and focusing more on the quality of the program rather than quantity. Which was key success of the Phase 1. Based on the Central Statistic Organization (CSO) of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan estimated settled population by civil division of rural/urban and sex for year 2015-2016 where the population for Phase 1 six targeted districts is estimated 212411 male/female, and SLSD Programme Phase 1 has benefited 6309 families’ (6309 families@7 persons per family= 44163 individuals) it show 20.8% of the total population benefited from 19 implemented sub-projects under SLSD Programme Phase 1 in six targeted districts of Paktia and Khost provinces. Base Central Statistic Organization of Afghanistan for 2015-2016 the estimated population of Paktia province is 551987, Khost province is 574582 individuals. The of SLSD Programme Phase 2 additional 8 districts and centres of Paktia and Khost provinces makes estimated 463537 individuals where SLSD Programme Phase 2 has planned to target 7500 families which reach to 7500 families @7 persons per family = 52500 individuals which is equal to 11.33% of the total estimated 463537 population. The CSO provided information is based on estimate data obtained from the 1381-1384 (2003-2005) household listing population, where local community reports higher number of population in targeted districts. .