ENRM Major Programs and Achievements:
Since 2005 TLO’s Environmental and Natural Resources Management Department completed over 33 livelihood improvement projects. TLO currently has on-going programs of Sustainable Livelihood and Social Development (SLSD) in Paktia and Khost provinces. The program is part of Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) funded 10-years mandate (2013-2022) with a total budget of CHF 14 million, and Rangeland Management (RAMA) Program with 12-years mandate (2018-2030) funded by SDC with a total budget of CHF 20 million. RAMA is implemented in a consortium with Afghanaid in Daykundi province.
Sustainable Livelihood and Social Development (SLSD) Program:
TLO was awarded the SLSD program implementation in Paktia and Khost provinces. The program is being implemented fromMay 2013 to May 2022 in three phases. Now TLO is in the 6th year of SLSD Program
implementation and has completed 37 sub-projects. The program mainly focuses on agriculture production with rural farmers, irrigation system improvement and agricultural land protection, access to clean drinking water, supporting vulnerable families, natural resources management, besides improving agriculture and veterinary services in Paktia and Khost provinces.
The SLSD Phase 1 & 2 key achievements in agriculture production improvement include: supporting 1,060 families with establishment of orchards on 191.4 hectares of agricultural land, 17 nurseries establishment on 4.2 hectares, supporting 1,020 families with vegetable production on 67.5 hectares, and supporting 659 families with improved wheat/ corn cultivation on 131.8 hectares of agricultural land.
7338 families benefited from irrigation system improvement and development, where 612.3 hectares of land has been improved. Additionally, 31.74 hectares were protected from flood hazards, and 289 hectares arid/rain-fed land was converted to irrigated land.
As result of WASH component implementation, 3,668 families got access to safe and clean drinking water, 7,336 individuals received hygiene and sanitation training, and hygiene kits were also distributed to 1682 families.
Under supporting the rural vulnerable families’ component of SLSD, 300 families and 600 individuals (male/female) benefited from animal health and dairy production improvement training. Additionally, 1,507 vulnerable families were supported through poultry farming, 159 famileis through goat rearing and 3,332 individuals (male/female) received poultry farming and goat rearing training.
The natural resources management component has covered 30 hectares of land for watershed rehabilitation and reforestation, benefiting 1,167 families. Additionally, more than 20,000 walnut and pine trees were planted in watersheds, two provincial level conferences against deforestation were organized, and over 12,300 wild olive trees were grafted (covering 29.41 hectares) which benefited more than 820 families in Zazi Maidain District of Khost.
To improving agriculture extension and veterinary service delivery, over 70 Provincial Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (PAIL) extension workers have are trained in NRM, high-density orchards management, vegetable production improvement, project concepts and M&E. Additionally, 15 district Paravets were trained in artificial insemination and provide with Artificial Insemination Kits. Subsequently, 30 Paravets were trained in an advanced refresher course to enhance their capacity and improve service delivery to rural livestock holders.
Rangeland Management (RAMA) Program in Daykundi Province:
TLO has been awarded the RAMA Program to be implemented from June 2018 to May 2030 in three phases with a total budget of CHF 20 million. The RAMA first phase is currently being implemented in 6 districts of Daykundi province in consortium with Afghanaid where TLO leads the consortium at the national level and Afghanaid leads on activities implementation at the provincial and rangeland levels.
The overall objective of the RAMA Program is - poor families to improve their livelihoods through sustainable natural resource management.
The follwoing results are expected to be acheived:
- Developing a scientific-based model and guideline for sustainable use and management of rangelands.
- 30 Rangeland Management Associations (RMAs) are established and registered with PAIL
- RMAs implement all priority actions according to their Rangeland Management Plans
- Women and men from 4,500 RMA member households (one female and one male from each household) are using sustainable land management practices
- Soil quality restored and vegetation cover increased by at least 20%
- RMA users’ fees and in-kind contributions cover 100% of the costs of Operational Management Plan (O&M) by the 4th year.
- 80% of RMA household previously experiencing food insecurity report reduction in the number of food insecure months
- Daykundi PAIL extension staff can provide capacity building services to RMAs
- GD-NRM have a national user database for rangeland management, and
- Market value chain analysis conducted for three rangeland products.
TLO Completed Projects
TLO implemented a DFID-funded Natural Ingredients Project in Paktia and Khost provinces from 2005 to 2007. In 2008, TLO supported GIZ for mobilizing the Provincial Development Fund Program in Paktia and Khost province and improved linkages with targeted District Development Assembly (DDA) members through capacity-building for required documentation, short proposal writing and implementation of the projects.
From 2009 to 2011, TLO implemented the USAID-funded Alternative Development Program (ADP) South/West in Uruzgan province. ADP worked to reduce Uruzgan province’s economic dependence on opium production, processing, and trading. The program helped rural communities to identify and seize meaningful opportunities through the licit economy to improve incomes and create lasting jobs. The ADP/SW program created critical physical and environmental infrastructures by cleaning 8 canals with a total length of 30.1 km and constructing 8 retaining walls with a total length of 1,780 meters in Tirin Kot, Deh Rawud and Chora districts of Uruzgan. All 16 projects benefited over 9,967 families and improved the irrigation/ protection of 5,480 hectares of agricultural land in 85 villages in three districts of Uruzgan.
Under the ADP program 23 sub-projects were implemented to improve the agricultural production and related value chains, benefitting 18,050 families through improved corn and mung bean seeds distribution to farmers, distributing kitchen gardening kits to women-headed families, establishing new orchards, nurseries, greenhouses and elow plastic tunnels demonstration plots, and poultry kits, rehabilitating Tirin Kot dry fruit market, supporting Uruzgan Department of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (DAIL) department and the Uruzgan traders association, and building the capacity of targeted farmers in agriculture and livestock productivity. These implemented projects covered 4,206.12 hectares of agricultural land in Deh Rawud, Tirin Kot, Chora and Chenartu districts of Uruzgan province.